The questions have always been in all directions, not only for the sciences, but also for individual development. To ask oneself is fundamental for the development of thought. There are no answers without questions, what can be are unanswered questions and answers to questions that were never asked. But we will not occupy that, we will not devote to correctly writing a scientific question for a Thesis or Methodology Practical Work.
A question conditions the answer. When someone asks you: – How? You should not answer with Whom, or When. It is as if you ask me my name, and I respond with the date of birth. The question marks an address, a sense, like a compass that marks a North.
Questions and answers on scientific topics are part of a mental dialogue where we begin to analyze in depth where we are going, what our purpose is, how we intend to do it, what we know about it.
There are rules that must be respected in a scientific question, the main one is that they can not answer by themselves or by no.
Example: Is there a relationship between the climate and the solar wind? This question can be answered with a simple “Yes”. That something is answered in this way, does not construct knowledge since it responds with a dichotomous value “Yes” – “No”. The answer does not imply that it is answered, for example, in what way it influences. Scientific responses should include an explanation. In cases where the methodological design contemplates a hypothesis, the hypothesis is the answer to the question that we formulate. Yes or No, it is not a hypothesis or explanation of the phenomenon.
Without practice, the first thing that happens is to ask questions that are answered all by themselves or by no. So what’s the catch? In several entries I spoke of the Decalogue of Bernal …
1. Chronology> When
2. Axioms> Who
3. Method> How
4. Ontology> What
5. Technology> How
6. Teleology> what
7. Topography> Where
8. Ecology> Against what
9. Etiology> Why
10 Experience> How much
Depending on what we are going to investigate, we must begin the question with one of those interrogative pronouns.
Taking the example above would be correct to ask What is the relationship between the climate and the solar wind?
In that case we have to identify the variables, When we speak of relation, we speak of at least 2 variables; In this case “Clima” and “Solar Wind”.
So far we have differentiated pronouns and variables. But in many cases the question has to be more specific, where we have to include the sample, who we are going to study and in what time span.
The graph shows a way to pose a scientific question, where yes or yes … will have to go the pronoun and the temporal lapse (If the study will be synchronous or Diachronic and at what time it is done). Then, depending on the object of the study or phenomenon, you will see the subject of the variables and the sample.
What is the relationship between the care of body aesthetics and sense of inferiority in those who attend gyms in the capital of Bs. Aires, Argentina in 2011?
In this example, we defined 2 variables that should be correctly defined in the Theoretical Framework: “Body Aesthetics Care” and “Feeling of Inferiority”, being the sample people who attend gymnasiums in Buenos Aires Capital and study Will perform in 2011.
In many forms for research projects, they do not consider it important to present the problem as a question; Just the description of it. I have read several projects in my life and sometimes the problem is posed as a question, even if it does not appear later, I would have ordered the ideas.
It must be made clear, that research, will always have to do with a way of thinking. The more orderly and clear the thought, the more likely it will be to realize it and others will understand it.
What I explain here obviously has to do with my training and how I think it is the best way to tackle a problem despite the epistemic nature of my explanation. When I was in the 2nd year of my career, my Methodology teacher, Marcela Bottinelli, taught me this perspective and today, focusing more on quantitative research, I still think that this is the best way. Years ago, I was breaking my head and something was always missing, when I thought I had solved the problem, I was misaligned. But notice, this is nothing more than perseverance.
The author of this post works at the leading UK dissertation writing service. Jessica has a degree in Social Work and has been providing dissertation help to students from all across the globe. Jessica loves to read fictional novels and is a great Sherlock Holmes fan. She loves her job as an expert dissertation writer and is glad to be a part of the dissertation writing service program.